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Family Groups - The Baltimore Method


This is a list of representative viruses (grouped by genome structure) compiled from: 'Virus Taxonomy', the Sixth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) 1995. They are grouped according to a method devised by David Baltimore.



Group I: dsDNA Viruses

[ Family:, (Subfamily:), Genus, Type Species, Hosts]

Adenoviridae:
Mastadenovirus human adenovirus 2 Vertebrates
Aviadenovirus fowl adenovirus 1 Vertebrates
African swine fever-like viruses:
African swine fever virus Vertebrates
Baculoviridae:
Nucleopolyhedrovirus Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus Invertebrates
Granulovirus Plodia interpunctella granulovirus Invertebrates
Corticoviridae:
Corticovirus Alteromonas phage PM2 Bacteria
Fuselloviridae:
Fusellovirus Sulfolobus virus 1 Bacteria
Herpesviridae:
Alphaherpesvirinae:
Simplexvirus human herpesvirus 1 Vertebrates
Varicellovirus human herpesvirus 3 Vertebrates
Betaherpesvirinae:
Cytomegalovirus human herpesvirus 5 Vertebrates
Muromegalovirus mouse cytomegalovirus 1 Vertebrates
Roseolovirus human herpesvirus 6 Vertebrates
Gammaherpesvirinae:
Lymphocryptovirus human herpesvirus 4 Vertebrates
Rhadinovirus ateline herpesvirus 2 Vertebrates
Iridoviridae:
Iridovirus Chilo iridescent virus Invertebrates
Chloriridovirus mosquito iridescent virus Invertebrates
Ranavirus frog virus 3 Vertebrates
Lymphocystivirus flounder virus Vertebrates
Goldfish virus 1-like viruses goldfish virus 1 Vertebrates
Lipothrixviridae:
Lipothrixvirus Thermoproteus virus 1 Bacteria
Myoviridae:
T4-like phages coliphage T4 Bacteria
Papovaviridae:
Polyomavirus murine polyornavirus Vertebrates
Papillomavirus cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (Shope) Vertebrates
Phycodnaviridae:
Phycodnavirus Paramecium bursaria Chlorella virus 1 Algae
Plasmaviridae:
Plasmavirus Acholeplasma phage L2 Mycoplasma
Podoviridae:
T7-like phages coliphage T7 Bacteria
Polydnaviridae:
Ichnovirus Campoletis sonorensis virus Invertebrates
Bracovirus Cotesia melanoscela virus Invertebrates
Poxviridae:
Chordopoxvirinae:
Orthopoxvirus vaccinia virus Vertebrates
Parapoxvirus orf virus Vertebrates
Avipoxvirus fowlpox virus Vertebrates
Capripoxvirus sheeppox virus Vertebrates
Leporipoxvirus myxoma virus Vertebrates
Suipoxvirus swinepox virus Vertebrates
Molluscipoxvirus Molluscum contagiosum virus Vertebrates
Yatapoxvirus Yaba monkey tumor virus Vertebrates
Entomopoxvirinae:
Entomopoxvirus A Melolontha melolontha entomopoxvirus Invertebrates
Entomopoxvirus B Amsacta moorei entomopoxvirus Invertebrates
Entomopoxvirus C Chironomus luridus entomopoxvirus Invertebrates
Siphoviridae:
Lambda-like phages coliphage lambda Bacteria
Rhizidiovirus: Rhizidiomyces virus Fungi
Tectiviridae:
Tectivirus enterobacteria phage PRD1 Bacteria

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Group II: The ssDNA Viruses

[ Family:, (Subfamily:), Genus, Type Species, Hosts]

Circoviridae:
Circovirus chicken anemia virus Vertebrates
Geminiviridae:
Subgroup I Geminivirus maize streak virus Plants
Subgroup II Geminivirus beet curly top virus Plants
Subgroup III Geminivirus bean golden mosaic virus Plants
Inoviridae:
Inovirus coliphage fd Bacteria
Plectrovirus Acholeplasma phage L51 Bacteria
Microviridae:
Microvirus coliphage ¯X174 Bacteria
Spiromicrovirus Spiroplasma phage 4 Spiroplasma
Bdellomicrovirus Bdellovibrio phage MAC1 Bacteria
Chlamydiamicrovirus Chlamydia phage 1 Bacteria
Parvoviridae:
Parvovirinae:
Parvovirus mice minute virus Vertebrates
Erythrovirus B19 virus Vertebrates
Dependovirus adeno-associated virus 2 Vertebrates
Densovirinae:
Densovirus Junonia coenia densovirus Invertebrates
Iteravirus Bombyx mori densovirus Invertebrates
Contravirus Aedes aegypti densovirus Invertebrates

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Group III: dsRNA Viruses

[ Family:, (Subfamily:), Genus, Type Species, Hosts]

Birnaviridae:
Aquabirnavirus infectious pancreatic necrosis virus Vertebrates
Avibirnavirus infectious bursal disease virus Vertebrates
Entomobirnavirus Drosophila X virus Invertebrates
Cystoviridae
Cystovirus Pseudomonas phage ¯6 Bacteria
Hypoviridae:
Hypovirus Cryphonectria hypovirus 1-EP713 Fungi
Partitiviridae:
Partitivirus Gaeumarmomyces graminis virus 0196-A Fungi
Chrysovirus Penicillium chrysogenum virus Fungi
Alphacryptovirus white clover cryptic virus 1 Plants
Betacryptovirus white clover cryptic virus 2 Plants
Reoviridae:
Orthoreovirus reovirus 3 Vertebrates
Orbivirus bluetongue virus 1 Vertebrates
Rotavirus simian rotavirus SA11 Vertebrates
Coltivirus Colorado tick fever virus Vertebrates
Aquareovirus golden shiner virus Vertebrates
Cypovirus Bombyx mori cypovirus 1 Invertebrates
Fijivirus Fiji disease virus Plants
Phytoreovirus wound tumor virus Plants
Oryzavirus rice ragged stunt virus Plants
Totiviridae:
Totivirus Saccharomyces cerevisiae virus L-A Fungi
Giardiavirus Giardia lamblia virus Protozoa
Leishmaniavirus Leishmania RNA virus 1-1 Protozoa

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Group IV: (+)sense RNA Viruses

[ Family:, (Subfamily:), Genus, Type Species, Hosts]

Astroviridae:
Astrovirus human astrovirus 1 Vertebrates
Arterivirus: equine arteritis virus Vertebrates
Barnaviridae:
Barnavirus mushroom bacilliform virus Fungi
Bromoviridae:
Alfamovirus alfalfa mosaic virus Plants
Ilarvirus tobacco streak virus Plants
Bromovirus brome mosaic virus Plants
Cucumovirus cucumber mosaic virus Plants
Caliciviridae:
Calicivirus vesicular exanthema of swine virus Vertebrates
Capillovirus: apple stem grooving virus Plants
Carlavirus: carnation latent virus Plants
Closterovirus: beet yellows virus Plants
Comoviridae:
Comovirus cowpea mosaic virus Plants
Fabavirus broad bean wilt virus 1 Plants
Nepovirus tobacco ringspot virus Plants
Coronaviridae:
Coronavirus avian infectious bronchitis virus Vertebrates
Torovirus Berne virus Vertebrates
Dianthovirus: carnation ringspot virus Plants
Enamovirus: pea enation mosaic virus Plants
Flaviviridae:
Flavivirus yellow fever virus Vertebrates
Pestivirus bovine diarrhea virus Vertebrates
Hepatitis C-like viruses hepatitis C virus Vertebrates
Furovirus: soil-borne wheat mosaic virus Plants
Hordeivirus: barley stripe mosaic virus Plants
Idaeovirus: rasberry bushy dwarf virus Plants
Leviviridae:
Levivirus enterobacteria phage MS2 Bacteria
Allolevivirus enterobacteria phage Q-B Bacteria
Luteovirus: barley yellow dwarf virus Plants
Machlomovirus: maize chlorotic mottle virus Plants
Marafivirus: maize rayado fino virus Plants
Necrovirus: tobacco necrosis virus Plants
Nodaviridae:
Nodavirus Nodamura virus Invertebrates
Picornaviridae:
Enterovirus poliovirus 1 Vertebrates
Rhinovirus human rhinovirus 1A Vertebrates
Hepatovirus hepatitis A virus Vertebrates
Cardiovirus encephalomyocarditis virus Vertebrates
Aphtovirus foot-and-mouth disease virus O Vertebrates
Potexvirus: potato virus X Plants
Potyviridae:
Potyvirus potato virus Y Plants
Rymovirus ryegrass mosaic virus Plants
Bymovirus barley yellow mosaic virus Plants
Sequiviridae:
Sequivirus parsnip yellow fleck virus Plants
Waikavirus rice tungro spherical virus Plants
Sobemovirus: Southern bean mosaic virus Plants
Tetraviridae:
Nudaurelia capensis b-like viruses Nudaurelia capensis b virus Invertebrates
Nudaurelia capensis w-like viruses Nudaurelia capensis w-virus Invertebrates
Tobamovirus: tobacco mosaic virus Plants
Tobravirus: tobacco rattle virus Plants
Tombusviridae:
Tombusvirus tomato bushy stunt virus Plants
Carmovirus carnation mottle virus Plants
Togaviridae:
Alphavirus Sindbis virus Vertebrates
Rubivirus rubella virus Vertebrates
Trichovirus: apple chlorotic leaf spot virus Plants
Tymovirus: turnip yellow mosaic virus Plants
Umbravirus: carrot mottle virus Plants

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Group V: (-) sense RNA Viruses

[ Family:, (Subfamily:), Genus, Type Species, Hosts]

Order: Mononegavirales:

Filoviridae:
Filovirus Marburg virus Vertebrates
Paramyxoviridae:
Paramyxovirus human parainfluenza virus 1 Vertebrates
Morbillivirus measles virus Vertebrates
Rubulavirus mumps virus Vertebrates
Pneumovirinae:
Pneumovirus human respiratory syncytial virus Vertebrates
Rhabdoviridae:
Vesiculovirus vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus Vertebrates
Lyssavirus rabies virus Vertebrates
Ephemerovirus bovine ephemeral fever virus Vertebrates
Cytorhabdovirus lettuce necrotic yellows virus Plants
Nucleorhabdovirus potato yellow dwarf virus Plants
Ambisense RNA Viruses
Arenaviridae:
Arenavirus lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus Vertebrates
Bunyaviridae:
Bunyavirus Bunyamwera virus Vertebrates
Hantavirus Hantaan virus Vertebrates
Nairovirus Nairobi sheep disease virus Vertebrates
Phlebovirus sandfly fever Sicilian virus Vertebrates
Tospovirus tomato spotted wilt virus Plants
Orthomyxoviridae:
Influenzavirus A,B influenza A virus Vertebrates
Influenzavirus C influenza C virus Vertebrates
"Thogoto-like viruses" Thogoto virus Vertebrates
Tenuivirus: rice stripe virus Plants

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Group VI: RNA Reverse Transcribing Viruses

[ Family:, (Subfamily:), Genus, Type Species, Hosts]

Retroviridae:
Mammalian type B retroviruses mouse mammary tumor virus Vertebrates
Mammalian type C retroviruses murine leukernia virus Vertebrates
Avian type C retroviruses avian leukosis virus Vertebrates
Type D retroviruses Mason-Pfizer monkey virus Vertebrates
BLV-HTLV retroviruses bovine leukemia virus Vertebrates
Lentivirus human immunodeficiency virus 1 Vertebrates
Spumavirus human spumavirus Vertebrates

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Group VII: DNA Reverse Transcribing Viruses

[ Family:, (Subfamily:), Genus, Type Species, Hosts]

Badnavirus: Commelina yellow mottle virus Plants
Caulimovirus: cauliflower mosaic virus Plants
Hepadnaviridae:
Orthohepadnavirus hepatitis B virus Vertebrates
Avihepadnavirus duck hepatitis B virus Vertebrates

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Subviral Agents: Satellites, Viroids,

Agents of Spongiform Encephalopathies

(Prions)

[ Agent:, Example:, Hosts:]

Satellites: tobacco necrosis virus satellite Plants, Vertebrates, Invertebrates, Fungi
Deltavirus: hepatitis delta virus Vertebrates
Viroids: potato spindle tuber viroid Plants
Prions: scrapie agent Vertebrates

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